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The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR)

CEFR

The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages ​​(CEFR) was developed by the Council of Europe to set international standards in the learning, teaching and assessment of all modern European languages.

CEFR LEVELS

CEFR

This framework describes the capacity of learners based on 06 levels from basic to proficient:

  • Basic User
    • A1: Breakthrough or Beginner – Basic (the level expected by Vietnamese, Korean and some other countries’ education for students graduating from primary school)
    • A2: Way stage or Elementary – Elementary (the level expected by Vietnamese, Korean and some other countries’ education for high school graduates)
  • Independent User
    • B1: Threshold or Intermediate – Intermediate (the level expected by Vietnamese, Korean and some other countries’ education for high school graduates and university graduates with no major in languages)
    • B2: Advantage or Upper intermediate – Intermediate level (the level expected by Vietnamese, Korean and some other countries’ education for students graduating from specialized colleges)
  • Proficient User
    • C1: Effective Operational Proficiency or advanced – Advanced (the level that Vietnamese, Korean education and some other countries expect for students graduating from specialized universities)
    • C2: Mastery or Proficiency – Proficient (academic)

 

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                          Article author

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